Tuesday, September 3, 2013

Gemstone of the Week: Scapolite

(Image of Scapolite found on mineralmasterpiece.com)

Scapolite is another one of those gorgeous yet largely unheard of gemstones. It was discovered around 1866 and its name is derived from the Greek words skapos meaning 'rod' or 'shaft' and lithos meaning 'stone'.  This is because Scapolite is most often found as long prismatic crystals.  Scapolite is a hardness 5.5-6 and has a vitreous, resinous, or pearly luster. It may be transparent, translucent, or opaque; some Scapolite even exhibit a cat's-eye. Scapolite may be found in many different colours. It may be: colourless, pink, violet, blue, white, grey, yellow, brown, or orange-brown.   Scapolite may be found in: Afghanistan, Antarctica, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burma (Myanmar), Canada (provinces of: British Colombia, Nova Scotia, Manitoba, Nunavut Territory, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, and the Yukon Territory), Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire), Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Greenland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, New Zealand, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Philippians, Portugal, Poland, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, England, Scotland, and the states of: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Idaho, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont,Virgina, Washington, and Wisconsin. Scapolite per carat values vary greatly, but there is a chart on GemVal that lists the current per carat values.